Understand Difference

Choosing the Right Low-Risk Investments: Fixed Deposits vs Arbitrage Funds

Introduction to Investments and Saving for a Rainy Day

Saving money and investing it wisely is an essential aspect of financial planning that everyone should consider. Whether you plan for retirement or seek to reach your financial goals, setting aside funds for investment and saving is paramount.

In this article, we will explore the reasons why saving and investing are important and the types of investments that you need to know. We will also explore the characteristics of arbitrage funds and their pros and cons.

Importance of Saving and Making Sound Investments

Saving money and investing in a variety of funds is crucial for achieving financial stability. In a world where inflation rates are always increasing, it can be challenging to grow your wealth.

However, by investing sensibly and making savings a habit, you can improve your financial situation significantly. Here are some reasons for saving and making sound investments.

1. To secure your future: Saving for the future is among the top reasons for making investments.

The earlier you start saving, the more you can generate. It will help you achieve your financial goals, such as buying a house, pursuing higher education, traveling the world, or enjoying a comfortable retirement.

2. To cope with financial emergencies: Everyone needs a rainy day fund, this is when you have to dip into your savings to cover unexpected expenses such as medical bills, car repairs, or home improvements.

3. To stay ahead of inflation: With inflation slowly creeping up every year, saving money can help counter the losses caused by inflation.

Investing proceeds of the savings in different funds helps to keep your money working for you, even as the value of money decreases.

Types of Investments

Investments can be short term or long term with various levels of risk. Choosing the right kind of investment strategy depends on your financial goals, risk appetite, and the timeframe for which you are willing to park your money.

Here are some of the common types of investments. 1.

Long-term Investments: Long-term investments refer to those that take more than a year to mature. Examples include stocks, mutual funds, bonds, and real estate.

Investing in long-term securities offers higher returns than short-term investments. 2.

Short-term Investments: Short-term investments are those that mature in one year or less. Examples include certificate of deposits, money market funds, and treasury bills.

They are appropriate for those seeking less risky investments and require immediate access to funds. 3.

High-risk investments: High-risk investments refer to portfolios with a considerable potential for losses. An example of a high-risk investment is cryptocurrency.

These investments offer high rewards, but investors should be comfortable with taking risks. 4.

Low-risk investments: Low-risk investments are those with low potential for loss. Examples include savings accounts, certificates of deposit, and bonds.

These investments usually offer low rewards but are suitable for risk-averse investors.

Arbitrage Funds

Arbitrage funds are equity-focused mutual fund investments for risk-averse investors. They follow an arbitrage strategy that leverages market inefficiencies and only requires small returns opportunities.

Lets explore the characteristics of arbitrage funds. 1.

Equity-focused mutual funds: Arbitrage funds invest in a combination of stocks and derivative instruments. They generate returns from the difference between the prices of stock in the cash market and futures and derivative markets.

2. Risk-Averse investors: Due to their lower risks and hedging strategies, arbitrage funds are an attractive option for risk-averse investors.

Although they are not highly volatile, they give investors the opportunity to diversify their investment portfolio.

Pros and

Cons of

Arbitrage Funds

Like any investment, arbitrage funds have their pros and cons.


1. Low risk: Unlike other high-risk funds, the probability of loss in arbitrage funds is low.

2. Tax advantage: Arbitrage funds classified as equity funds are subject to a capital gains tax of 15% rather than the higher rate paid on debt oriented mutual funds.


1. High expense ratios: As a professional fund manages most arbitrage funds, they charge a high fee on behalf of their services.

This can reduce the potential returns. 2.

Unpredictable payoffs: Arbitrage profits depend on the amount of cash inflow to the market, the difference in the purchase price on the spot, future market, and liquidity of the securities. This can lead to unpredictable payoffs.

3. Volatility: Even with low risk, volatility is still possible in an arbitrage fund, making them not a completely safe investment option.


Making sound investments and saving habitually can significantly impact your financial success. Whether you are seeking long-term or short-term returns, weighing the risk versus reward ratio can help you choose the right type of investment.

Arbitrage funds can be a suitable option for risk-averse investors, but it is equally essential to consider their pros and cons before investing. With the right financial strategy in place, it is possible to achieve your financial goals and save some money for a rainy day.

Fixed Deposits

Fixed deposits, also known as time deposits, are financial instruments that offer investors higher interest rates than conventional savings accounts. They require a fixed deposit amount that is held for a specific period and earn predetermined interest rate until maturity date.

Here is a detailed overview of the definition and characteristics of fixed deposits and their pros and cons. Definition and Characteristics of

Fixed Deposits

Fixed deposits are a type of financial instrument that offers low-risk investment options with a higher interest rate than savings accounts.

They are provided by banks and other financial institutions for a fixed period, ranging from a few months to several years, depending on the depositor’s choice. The features and characteristics of fixed deposits include:


Fixed deposit amount: Fixed deposits require depositors to invest a fixed amount of money for a specific period. The interest rate depends on the amount deposited and the duration of the deposit.

2. Maturity date: Depositors are given a fixed duration of time during which their deposit will earn interest.

A fixed deposit account will automatically renew if the depositor fails to initiate any action before maturity. 3.

Interest rate: Fixed deposit accounts earn interest rates higher than that of savings accounts. The interest rate is typically fixed throughout the duration of the deposit.

Pros and

Cons of

Fixed Deposits

Fixed deposits are a popular investment option due to their low-risk nature and guaranteed return on investment. However, like most investments, fixed deposits have their pros and cons.


1. Low risk: Fixed deposits are considered a low-risk investment option as the deposit is protected from market fluctuations, and it ensures a fixed return on investment.

2. High-interest rate: Fixed deposits offer rates of interest that are higher compared to savings accounts.

Depositors have the opportunity to earn more interest and increase their returns on their investment. 3.

Guaranteed Returns: Fixed deposits offer guaranteed returns, making it a safe option for investors who want to protect their capital.


1. Low liquidity: Fixed deposits require depositors to lock in their investments for a fixed duration of time.

This means that depositors do not have access to their funds during this time. 2.

Penalty Charges: Premature withdrawal of funds can incur a penalty charge on the deposit. 3.

Inflation consideration: Fixed deposits provide a guaranteed return, but their return on investment does not take into consideration the effects of inflation. This can lead to inflation risks that can erode the purchasing power of the depositor’s investment.


Differences between

Arbitrage Funds and

Fixed Deposits

Arbitrage funds and fixed deposits are both considered low-risk investment options. However, there are significant differences between these investment options that make them unique.


1. Low-Risk Investments: Both arbitrage funds and fixed deposits are low-risk investment options that protect one’s capital from market fluctuations.


1. Interest Rate: Unlike fixed deposits, the interest rate of an arbitrage fund is not fixed.

It depends on market fluctuations and can change at any time. 2.

Liquidity: Fixed deposits require depositors to commit to a specific duration and offer low liquidity. Arbitrage funds, on the other hand, offer higher liquidity as investors can withdraw their funds at any time.

3. Risks involved: Both arbitrage funds and fixed deposits come with risks.

Fixed deposits are relatively risk-free, whereas arbitrage funds come with a moderate level of risk. 4.

Fixed Deposit Amount: Fixed deposits require a fixed amount of investment that can not be changed during the duration of the deposit. Arbitrage funds do not have this requirement and allow investors to adjust their investments as per their requirement.

5. Withdrawal terms: Withdrawal terms of fixed deposits are more rigid than arbitrage funds.

Breaking a fixed deposit would attract a penalty charge and might take up to seven working days for the funds to be transferred to the investor’s account. Arbitrage funds, however, allow investors to withdraw funds at any time or transfer money to another investment option without any charge.


Investors must understand the characteristics, pros, and cons of various investment options before making their choices. Fixed deposits remain a popular choice due to their low-risk nature and guaranteed return on investment.

Arbitrage funds are also a viable option for investors looking for low risk with moderate returns. Understanding their similarities and differences will ensure an informed decision is made based on one’s specific financial needs.

Comparison Table

In this article, we have discussed two low-risk investment options, fixed deposits and arbitrage funds. To summarize the key features of these investments, we have created the following comparison table:

| Features |

Fixed Deposits |

Arbitrage Funds |

| ———————|—————-|—————- |

| Interest Rate | Fixed | Variable |

| Risk Level | Low | Low-Moderate |

| Liquidity | Low | High |

| Fixed Deposit Amount | Yes | No |

| Withdrawal Terms | Rigid | Flexible |

The table highlights the key differences in the features of these investment options.

Investors should consider these differences when choosing an investment option that aligns with their financial goals and risk tolerance.


Choosing the right investment option can significantly impact your financial portfolio. Low-risk investment options such as fixed deposits and arbitrage funds offer relatively lower risks, making them attractive to those who do not want to take risks.

To make mindful investment decisions that align with your financial needs, you need to understand the benefits of low-risk investments and their drawbacks.

Benefits of Low-Risk Investments

1. Protection of Capital: Low-risk investments protect your capital from market fluctuations.

2. Guaranteed Returns: Fixed deposits offer guaranteed returns and provide a safe option for conservative investors.

3. Diversification: Arbitrage funds allow investors to diversify their investment portfolio by investing in stock market instruments while offering low to moderate risks.

Drawbacks of Low-Risk Investments

1. Low liquidity: Low-risk investments lack liquidity.

It may be challenging to access funds when needed. 2.

Low Returns: Low risks may lead to lower returns, making it necessary to invest larger amounts to realize significant gains. 3.

Inflation Risk: Low-risk investments fail to account for the effects of inflation, leading to a reduced purchasing power of the investment. Investors should consider the benefits and drawbacks of low-risk investment options when making investment decisions.

While low-risk investments provide security and stability, they might not always offer high returns. Investors must weigh the risks and rewards before deciding on an investment option that aligns with their financial goals.

In conclusion, understanding the characteristics, pros, and cons of different investment options is essential in making informed investment decisions. Fixed deposits and arbitrage funds are two low-risk investment options that can deliver consistent returns while minimizing risks.

By considering their features, investors can determine the investment option that aligns best with their financial goals, risk tolerance, and cash flow requirements. In conclusion, investing in low-risk options such as fixed deposits and arbitrage funds can play a crucial role in achieving financial stability and security.

These investments offer guaranteed returns and protection of capital, making them attractive to risk-averse individuals. However, it is important to consider their drawbacks, such as low liquidity and potential inflation risks.

By understanding the characteristics and weighing the pros and cons of these investments, investors can make mindful decisions that align with their financial goals. Remember, when it comes to financial planning, informed choices and diversification are key in building a resilient portfolio.

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