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Fintech vs Banks: Revolutionizing the Way We Conduct Financial Transactions

Introduction to Fintech and Banks

From the time people started exchanging goods and services, banking has evolved from simple loans of grains to complex global financial services. With the advent of advanced technology, Fintech is playing an increasingly vital role in the world of finance.

In this article, we will explore the evolution of banking and the Fintech industry. We will discuss the Fintech definition, services, sectors, and functions, providing readers with useful insights and knowledge around these topics.

Evolution of Banking

Banking has gone through rapid change over the centuries. From the ancient Babylonia and Assyria system of lending grains and other items, to modern-day online banking with its sophisticated systems and technologies.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, traditional banking began to expand, and it wasn’t until the 20th century that banking services started to become available for the masses. Banks started to offer loans, savings products, and investment services, providing people with a whole range of options that were previously unattainable.

Banks were one of the primary financial service providers, and they were the go-to place for people’s financial needs.

Fintech and its Definition

Financial technology, or Fintech for short, automates and improves the delivery of financial services, using algorithms and specialized software. Fintech has disrupted the traditional banking system, offering consumers, business owners, and companies access to quick, efficient, and cost-effective financial services.

Fintech includes products that use smartphones and other technology to manage financial processes and operations, enabling consumers to have more control over their finances and investments. Additionally, Fintech includes cryptocurrencies, which are digital or virtual currencies that use encryption techniques to regulate the generation of units, validating the transfer of funds, and operating independently of a centralized bank.

Sectors where Fintech Technology is used

Fintech is used in various sectors, including retail banking, education, investment management, non-profit, crowdfunding platforms, budgeting apps, digital cash, cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, open banking, insurtech, among others. Fintech has revolutionized the way people conduct transactions with financial entities by replacing traditional banking systems with more convenient and cost-effective solutions.

Crowdfunding platforms, for instance, enable entrepreneurs to fundraise from individuals online. Education technology platforms offer students digital solutions to manage their loans, scholarships, and financial aid applications.

Investment management technology platforms, on the other hand, enable consumers to manage their portfolio, and make investment decisions. Moreover, insurtech companies help in conducting insurance operations efficiently, such as a customized policy, data analytics, and transparency.

Functions of Fintech

Fintech has enabled people to transact and control their finances in a more accessible and efficient way. Tasks that typically required paperwork or a visit to the bank branch can now be performed within seconds, thanks to Fintech.

For instance, consumers can deposit cheques with smartphones, transfer money between banks using mobile applications, and manage investments digitally without needing a financial advisor. Some Fintech startups have developed software to apply for loans by simply uploading documents via a mobile application.

Fintech also helps businesses to track their cash flow, stay on top of their financial performance, and pay employees on time. Further, Fintech solutions can authenticate user identification without requiring a person to verify it.


Fintech has transformed the financial industry by delivering efficient solutions to people’s financial needs. Its widespread adoption has changed the way we manage our money.

Whether it’s retail banking, trading, or investment management, Fintech technology is making things easier, faster, cheaper, and more accessible for everyone. The banking landscape has evolved, and Fintech continues to pave the way in a quickly changing world.

With its ever-growing range of services, Fintech is set to dominate the financial industry, with more innovations on the horizon. The most prominent companies use and invest in Fintech startups, and the technology is one of the most lucrative and dynamic industries worldwide.

Ultimately, Fintech will play an indispensable role in the financial industry, shaping the future of banking and finance for many years to come.

Banks and their Functions

Banks are financial institutions licensed to accept deposits, make loans, and provide other financial services to customers. They contribute immensely to the growth and development of the economy, as well as serve as critical intermediaries in financial transactions among different economic agents.

Banks are regulated by the national government, central banks, and other oversight institutions to ensure they carry out their operations within the limits of the law while maintaining the trust of customers. In this article, we explore the different types of banks, their functions, and the importance they hold in the economy.

Definition and Types of Banks

An investment bank serves to help companies and governments to raise capital through stocks and bonds, manage mergers, acquisitions, and provide other corporate advisory services. Retail banks, also known as commercial banks or consumer banks, provide services to individual customers and small businesses such as banking products, credit cards, and personal loans.

Corporate banks offer services tailored to meet the needs of large corporations, such as extensive loans for various operational segments of the business, and additional services such as cash management, treasury services, and trade finance. Banks are regulated by various institutions, including central banks that supervise their activities, maintain an orderly financial system, and prevent excesses in the banking industry.

Regulators ensure that banks comply with strict risk management, capital adequacy, and liquidity requirements, among other rules. Moreover, if a bank experiences financial distress, the government or central bank is expected to intervene to ensure stability in the economy.

Importance of Banks in the Economy

Banks are essential for facilitating transactions, managing daily financial operations, and providing a range of financial services. Depositors can open various accounts types such as savings, checking, and money market accounts, and carry out transactions such as withdrawals, deposits, and bill payments using bank accounts.

Depositors earn interest on the balances in their accounts, and the banks use the funds to make loans and earn profits. Banks allow borrowers to take out loans for various purposes such as mortgages, car loans, and personal loans.

Further, banks help businesses manage their finances with cash management tools, trade finance, and even foreign currency exchange services. Banks also act as intermediaries in investment banking, enabling individuals and organizations to raise capital through stocks, bonds, and other securities.

Aside from investment banking, banks provide other wealth management services and solutions, including financial planning, investment management, and retirement accounts.

Similarities and

Differences between Fintech and Banks

Fintech and banks share common interests in providing customers with seamless financial services, and both have revolutionized the world of finance. However, there are differences between the two industries in terms of their purpose, potential coverage, structure, technological reliance, target customers, and collateral requirements.


Fintech is similar to banks in that they both seek to provide customers with financial products and services that are easy to use and accessible. They offer solutions that improve the customer experience and overall financial convenience.

Further, they both rely on technology to deliver superior services and products and are changing the way we transact in the financial industry. Fintech solutions such as banking apps allow customers to manage their accounts, pay bills, and make transfers from anywhere.

At the same time, banks have invested in developing online and mobile banking platforms to enhance customer engagement and reduce transaction costs.


Fintech companies are relatively new with a focus to disrupt the traditional banking sector, whereas banks have been around for centuries and have a long-established reputation. Fintech has tremendous potential to improve financial inclusion for underbanked and unbanked populations, whereas traditional banks have geographic coverage and can provide a wide range of products and services.

Fintech companies are leaner and more agile, able to pivot to changing customer needs quickly, whereas banks have more complex organizational structures and decision-making processes. Additionally, fintech companies tend to rely heavily on technology to deliver their services, while traditional banks have a more diverse range of delivery channels.

Target customers for fintech companies are often millennials and younger demographics who demand digital-first financial services. Banks’ services are often more comprehensive and address a broader customer base, including older people who are not digitally inclined.

Lastly, banks often require collateral, such as property or inventory, before approving loans, whereas fintech companies focus more on creditworthiness and future revenue. The different approaches reflect the contrasting risk appetite between banks and fintech companies.


In conclusion, banks and Fintech serve different purposes. Still, they share similar aims of continually striving to offer excellent services to their customers while keeping up with the changing financial landscape.

The world is becoming more and more digital-driven, and banks and Fintech will have to adapt or risk obsolescence. Banks have a broader range of customers, and larger product offering and have a long-established history while Fintech companies have significantly disrupted the banking industry in recent years.

Ultimately, the advent of Fintech has impacted the banking industry, leading to collaborations and partnerships between traditional banks and Fintech start-ups. In this article, we explored the evolution of banking, the definition of Fintech, and the services that are offered by both banks and Fintech companies.

Banks and Fintech share a common goal of providing financial services to customers, but they have differences in their purpose, potential coverage, structure, technological reliance, and collateral requirements. Banks play a critical role in the economy by providing various financial services to individuals and businesses.

Meanwhile, Fintech has disrupted traditional banking by providing more accessible, efficient, and cost-effective financial solutions. Ultimately, Fintech will continue to play an essential role in the financial industry’s future, shaping banking and finance for years to come.

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