Understand Difference

Foundational Beliefs and Practices of Christianity and Sikhism

Introduction to Christianity and Sikhism

Religion plays a significant role in the lives of over seven billion people on our planet. This article provides an introduction to Christianity and Sikhism, two of the world’s major religions.

Both have millions of followers around the world, and their beliefs, practices, and values have shaped the course of human history.

Religious Practices and Beliefs

Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered around the figure of Jesus Christ. Christians believe that Jesus was the son of God, and that his teachings and life demonstrate God’s love and compassion for all people.

Christians worship in a variety of settings, including churches, cathedrals, and chapels. They follow the Bible, which is split into two sections: the Old and New Testaments.

Sikhism is a religion founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak in the Punjab region of India. Sikhs believe in one formless, eternal God who created the universe and all living things.

They worship in Gurdwaras, which are special temples where the Holy Scripture is read each day. Sikhs follow the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book, which contains the teachings of the ten Sikh Gurus.

Founders of the Religion

Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ in the first century, in the Roman province of Judea. Jesus was born into a Jewish family, and his teachings drew heavily on the Jewish scriptures and traditions.

He was crucified by the Romans, but his followers continued to spread his message, which eventually led to the establishment of the Christian church.

Guru Nanak founded Sikhism in the 15th century in the Punjab region of India.

He was born into a Hindu family, but was profoundly influenced by the teachings of Islam. Guru Nanak rejected the caste system and many other religious practices that he found to be oppressive, and developed a new message of love, compassion, and equality.

He traveled extensively throughout India and beyond, spreading his message and converting followers.

Comparison of Christianity and Sikhism

Number of followers

Christianity has an estimated 2.5 billion followers around the world, making it the world’s largest religion. The majority of Christians are found in the Americas, Europe, and Africa.

Sikhism has an estimated 30 million followers worldwide, with the largest number in India. Other countries with significant Sikh populations include Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Followers’ Names and Places of Worship

Followers of Christianity are called Christians. They worship in churches, cathedrals, and chapels.

Some denominations of Christianity have specific names for their followers, such as Catholics, Baptists, and Methodists.

Followers of Sikhism are called Sikhs.

They worship in Gurdwaras, which are special temples where the Holy Scripture is read each day.

Texts of Authority

The Bible is the central text of authority for Christians. The Bible is made up of two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament.

The Old Testament contains the sacred texts from the Judaism tradition, while the New Testament includes the story of Jesus Christ and his teachings.

The Guru Granth Sahib is the central text of authority for Sikhs.

It contains the teachings of the ten Sikh Gurus, as well as hymns from other Hindu and Muslim saints.

Beliefs about God

Christians believe in one God, who is eternal and infinite. Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God, and that he died on the cross to save all humanity from sin.

Sikhs believe in one formless, eternal God who created the universe and all living things. Sikhism rejects the idea of God taking human form.

Instead, Sikhs believe that everyone is equal, regardless of race, gender, or social status.

Religious Practices and Dress Code

Christians practice a range of religious rituals, including prayer, baptism, and communion. They have no strict dress code.

Sikhs practice a range of religious rituals, including the recitation of hymns and prayers, and the Langar, a free communal meal. Sikhs are recognised by their five ‘K’s, which comprise five important items: uncut hair, comb, iron bangle, special undergarment, and dagger.


In summary, Christianity and Sikhism are two fascinating and complex religions. While they share some similarities, they have many differences in their beliefs, practices, and rituals.

This article has provided a basic introduction to both religions, showing how these two religions have had a significant impact on human history, and how they continue to shape the lives of millions of people worldwide.

Important Dogmas and Practices in Christianity and Sikhism

Religions often have dogmas, or foundational beliefs, that guide their followers’ daily lives. This article explores some of the fundamental dogmas and practices of Christianity and Sikhism.

Sikhism’s Practices of Work, Worship, and Charity

Sikhism has three central practices: work, worship, and charity. These practices are known as Naam Japo, Kirat Karo, and Vand Chakko.

Naam Japo refers to the recitation of God’s name and is considered an integral part of Sikh worship. Sikhs recite mantras and prayers daily and often use a mala (prayer beads) during this practice.

This practice is believed to help the individual connect with God by keeping their mind focused on the divine.

Kirat Karo is the practice of honest work or earning a livelihood through honorable means.

This practice teaches the importance of social responsibility. Sikhs aim to work hard and give back to society through honest living.

Vand Chakko refers to the practice of sharing with others, especially those in need. Sikhs practice charity by offering free meals or Langar at Gurdwaras, which is open to people of all backgrounds and religions.

The Langar is also intended to promote social equality by encouraging people of different backgrounds to sit and eat together. Christianity’s Beliefs in Hell or Heaven after Death, Communion of Saints, Holiness of the churches, Resurrection, and Salvation for the Faithful

Christianity has several important dogmas and practices that shape its followers’ beliefs.

One of the most fundamental beliefs in Christianity is the idea that there is an afterlife. The belief in Heaven and Hell serves as a form of accountability for a person’s actions in life.

Christians believe that those who lived a life dedicated to God will go to Heaven, while those who did not may be condemned to Hell.

The Communion of Saints refers to the belief that all Christians (alive and dead) are connected as a single body of Christ.

This means that all Christians should support each other and help one another grow in faith.

The Holiness of the churches is another fundamental belief in Christianity.

Christians believe that churches are sacred spaces where they can come together to worship God. The church is often seen as the physical representation of God’s kingdom on earth.

Another important belief in Christianity is the idea of resurrection. Christians believe that those who have died will be resurrected and will receive a new, eternal body.

Finally, the concept of salvation is critical to Christian faith. Christians believe that salvation is available to all those who have faith in Jesus Christ.

Salvation refers to the idea that one can be saved from sin and death and receive eternal life with God in Heaven.


In conclusion, both Christianity and Sikhism have important dogmas and practices that shape their followers’ beliefs and daily lives. In Sikhism, work, worship, and charity are central to their faith.

At the same time, Christianity has particular beliefs such as heaven and hell after death, Communion of Saints, Holiness of Churches, Resurrection, and Salvation for the faithful. It is essential to understand these practices to better appreciate and comprehend the fundamental teachings of both religions.

In conclusion, this article has explored the essential dogmas and practices in Christianity and Sikhism. Christianity believes in afterlife, the Communion of Saints, the Holiness of Churches, resurrection, and salvation for the faithful.

On the other hand, Sikhism values work, worship, and charity through Naam Japo, Kirat Karo, and Vand Chakko. These practices play a crucial role in shaping the beliefs and practices of millions of people worldwide, and it is essential to understand them to appreciate the fundamental teachings of these religions.

Through this article, we have gained insights into these religions’ foundational beliefs that guide their followers’ daily lives.

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