Understand Difference

The Holistic Approach: Understanding Yoga and Meditation

Introduction to Yoga and


Yoga and meditation have become increasingly popular practices in recent times. With the continued rise in stress levels and the desire for a balanced, healthy lifestyle, people are turning to these practices.

But what are yoga and meditation? And what is their purpose?

Etymology of Yoga

The word “yoga” comes from the Sanskrit root “yuj,” which means to yoke or to unite. The word “yoke” also shares the same root as yoga.

Therefore, yoga refers to the union of the body and mind or the union of the individual with the universe.

Definition of


Meditation is a practice of calming the mind and developing a calm state of concentration. It is a technique that involves focusing on a specific object, word, or thought.

The goal of meditation is to increase awareness and reduce the impact of negative thoughts.

Purpose of Yoga

Yoga has a variety of benefits, both physical and mental. The purpose of yoga is to promote harmony between the body and mind.

Through the practice of yoga, individuals develop strength, flexibility, and balance. There are two common subtopics that fall under the purpose of yoga, the human consciousness in Arya/Hindu religious-philosophy, and the connection through a Sattvic Mental State.

Human Consciousness in Arya/Hindu Religious-Philosophy

Arya / Hindu religious-philosophy suggests that human consciousness is an integral part of the universe. This consciousness is referred to as “atma.” The atma is seen as a higher consciousness that lies beyond the physical body and brain.

Every individual has within them this higher consciousness, and it is the source of all creativity, wisdom, and potential. By practicing yoga, an individual can awaken this higher consciousness and become more attuned to it.

This awakening will lead to a greater understanding of the self.

Connection through a Sattvic Mental State

The practice of yoga can lead to a sattvic mental state, which refers to a pure, peaceful, and harmonious mind. This mental state is said to be the result of practicing yoga asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing exercises), and meditation.

Many practitioners suggest that tapping into this sattvic mental state can help individuals gain clarity and insight, leading them to feel more connected to the universe. The sattvic mental state is said to help individuals become better versions of themselves, attuned to their higher consciousness and potential.

Many people practice yoga and meditation as a means of becoming healthier, happier individuals. The physical benefits of yoga are well documented, as are the mental benefits of meditation.

The ancient practices of yoga and meditation provide a roadmap for individuals to connect with their higher consciousness, understand their place in the universe, and become better versions of themselves. By practicing yoga and meditation, individuals can enjoy a more balanced, fulfilling life, both physically and mentally.

The Practice of Yoga

Yoga is much more than a series of exercises; it is an entire system of philosophy, with eight limbs that encompass all aspects of life. The eight limbs of yoga – Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi – provide a roadmap for individuals to attain physical and mental balance.

Let’s explore the eight limbs of yoga in greater detail.

Yama – Control of Negative Emotions

The first limb of yoga is Yama. It refers to the control of negative emotions and is divided into five sub-limbs.

The five sub-limbs are Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (truthfulness), Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya (celibacy), and Aparigraha (non-possessiveness). These sub-limbs help individuals develop self-restraint and control over negative emotions such as envy and jealousy, fostering a more tranquil state of mind.

Niyama – Observance of Disciplines

The second limb of yoga is Niyama which deals with the observance of physical and mental disciplines. It is divided into five sub-limbs: Sauca (cleanliness), Santosa (contentment), Tapas (austerity), Svadhyaya (study of the self), and Isvara pranidhana (surrender to a higher power).

Niyama helps individuals develop good thoughts, regularity, punctuality, and abstain from habits that are detrimental to their physical and mental well-being.

Asana – Yogic Exercises

Asanas are the third limb of yoga and are the physical exercises that help develop strength, flexibility, and balance. Asanas help to open up blocked energy channels, allowing the flow of subtle energy through the body.

The practice of Asanas is centered around the breath, and practicing stilling the mind while holding each pose.

Pranayama – Conscious Breathing

Pranayama is the fourth limb of yoga, and its aim is to bring awareness to one’s breath while controlling and manipulating it. The conscious manipulation of breath helps to increase the energy density and flow throughout the body.

Pranayama exercises work on the Praan (Energy) of the body, which leads to enhanced mental and physical functioning.

Pratyahara – Internalization of Awareness

The fifth limb of yoga is Pratyahara, and it means the withdrawal of the senses from external stimuli and the internalization of awareness. This step encourages us to turn our focus inward by focusing on observing the mind instead of getting caught up in the mind’s fluctuations.

Through the practice of Pratyahara, individuals can become a witness to their own mental activity and identify negative patterns that hamper their growth.

Dharana – Focusing of Attention

Dharana is the sixth limb of yoga, and it refers to focusing the mind’s attention on a single object. The practice of Dharana is aimed at developing the ability to concentrate and focus the mind.

This practice helps individuals to develop the necessary skills to still their mind and focus their attention on their desired object.

Dhyana – Turning Inward

Dhyana is the seventh limb of yoga, and it is the process of turning inward, towards a single thought or concept. This step involves the simultaneous activation of the body and mind, enabling them to tune in to a single object, idea, or thought.

Through the practice of Dhyana, individuals can create a more profound connection with their inner self.

Samadhi – Oneness with Object

Samadhi is the eighth and final limb of yoga, and it is the state of oneness with the object of meditation. The practice of yoga and meditation allows individuals to embark on a personal journey of self-realization, which can lead to the realization of the ultimate truth – an understanding that the self is one with the universe.


Meditation is a practice that has its roots in yoga and Buddhism, but the approach, techniques, and outcomes can vary from one tradition to another. Definition and Origins of


Meditation is the process of creating a relaxed and focused state of mind. It is a practice of effortfully emptying the mind of its content and focusing on a single object or thought.

Meditation has its roots in ancient Buddhist meditation practices and is also a core part of yoga.

Meditation techniques have been used by many different religions in different ways, depending on their traditions and beliefs.

Use of

Meditation Term by Yoga and Buddhist Teachers

In the traditional practice of yoga, the terms Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi are sometimes used to describe different stages of meditation. These techniques can be combined with yoga asanas and pranayama to create a full-spectrum practice.

In Buddhism, there are many different forms of meditation, including mindfulness meditation, loving-kindness meditation, and concentration meditation, to name a few.

Meditation practices can help individuals achieve a deeper sense of inner peace, reduce stress and anxiety, and improve overall well-being.

In conclusion, the practice of yoga and meditation provides a holistic approach to health and well-being. The eight limbs of yoga provide a roadmap for individuals to discover their inner selves, connect with their higher consciousness, and become better versions of themselves.

Meditation is an integral part of this practice, as it helps individuals achieve a more profound sense of inner peace and tranquility. The benefits of practicing yoga and meditation are vast and far-reaching, and with regular practice, individuals can tap into their potential for enhanced physical and mental well-being.

The practice of Yoga and

Meditation is a holistic approach to health and wellbeing that provides a roadmap for individuals to connect with their higher consciousness and become better versions of themselves. Yoga’s eight limbs, including asanas, pranayama, and meditation, work together to help individuals attain physical and mental balance, control negative emotions, develop good thoughts, concentrate the mind, and achieve inner peace.

The benefits of Yoga and

Meditation are extensive and include enhanced mental clarity, reduced stress and anxiety, and improved overall well-being. By regularly practicing Yoga and

Meditation, individuals can tap into their potential for a more balanced, fulfilling life.

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